Neville Chamberlain Speech After Munich Agreement
And he added, “Now I advise you to go home and sleep quietly in your beds.” While Britain slept, the German army invaded Czechoslovakia to “peacefully conquer” the Sudetenland. The bombers did not shout at London that night, but they would come. In March 1939, Hitler annexed the rest of Czechoslovakia and two days after the Nazis invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, the prime minister addressed the nation again, but this time to solemnly demand a British declaration of war against Germany and the start of World War II. The British people expected war to be imminent, and Chamberlain`s “statesman gesture” was initially greeted with applause. Welcomed as a hero by the royal family, he was invited to the balcony of Buckingham Palace before submitting the deal to the British Parliament. The generally positive reaction quickly responded in the negative, despite the royal sponsorship. However, there was resistance from the beginning. Clement Attlee and the Labour Party rejected the deal in alliance with two Conservative MPs, Duff Cooper and Vyvyan Adams, who had previously been seen as a tough and reactionary element in the Conservative Party. The agreement was widely welcomed. French Prime Minister Daladier did not believe, in the words of one scholar, that a European war was justified “to keep three million Germans under Czech sovereignty.” But the same argument applies to Alsace-Lorraine – unlike the alliance between France and Czechoslovakia against German aggression. Gallup polls in the UK, France and the US showed that the majority of the population supported the deal.
Mr. Beneš, President of Czechoslovakia, was nominated in 1939 for the Nobel Peace Prize.  West Germany`s policy of remaining neutral in the Arab-Israeli conflict after the Munich massacre and the kidnapping of Lufthansa Flight 615 in 1972, instead of adopting the resolutely pro-Israel stance of previous governments, has led to Israeli comparisons with the Munich Appetite Agreement.  In the meantime, the British government asked Beneš to ask for a mediator. Beneš did not want to sever his government`s relations with Western Europe, so he reluctantly agreed. . . .