North American Free Trade Agreement Was Designed To Encourage Free Trade Between
It is impossible to isolate the effects of NAFTA in the larger economy. For example, it is difficult to say with certainty what percentage of the current U.S. trade deficit, which reached a record $65,677 million at the end of 2005, is directly attributable to NAFTA. It is also difficult to say what percentage of the 3.3 million manufacturing jobs that were lost in the United States between 1998 and 2004 is the result of NAFTA and what percentage would have been created without this trade agreement. It cannot even be said with certainty that the intensification of trade between NAFTA countries is exclusively the result of the trade agreement. Those who support the agreement generally claim NAFTA loans for enhanced trade activity and reject the idea that the agreement has resulted in job losses or a growing trade deficit with Canada and Mexico ($8,039 million and $4,263 million respectively in December 2005). Critics of the agreement generally associate it with these deficits and job losses. The agreement came into force under Bush`s successor, Bill Clinton, who himself signed the agreement on December 8, 1993. The trade agreement came into force in January 1994. NAFTA has strengthened trade flows across North American borders. According to information published on the intergovernmental website NAFTA Now, “trade in goods between NAFTA partners has more than tripled since NAFTA partners came into force to $946.1 billion in 2008.” However, Trump is not alone in criticizing the deal.
The main provisions of NAFTA required a gradual reduction in tariffs, tariffs and other trade barriers between the three Member States, with some tariffs to be abolished immediately and others over a 15-year period. The agreement guaranteed duty-free access for a wide range of industrial products and goods traded between the signatories. “Domestic goods” have been granted to products imported from other NAFTA countries and prohibit all governments, local or provincial, from imposing taxes or tariffs on these products. Although the long-term benefits of NAFTA have been extensively discussed, the agreement has achieved very long results since its implementation in the 1990s. A 2007 study showed that nafta had “a significant impact on the volume of international trade, but a modest impact on prices and prosperity.”  One of the main provisions of NAFTA provided for the status of “domestic products” for products imported from other NAFTA countries.